Brunel, Isambard Kingdom


Brunel, Isambard Kingdom
(9 abr. 1806, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Inglaterra–15 sep.1859, Londres).

Ingeniero civil y mecánico británico. Era hijo de Marc Brunel. Su introducción del ferrocarril de trocha ancha, con rieles separados 2 m (7 pies) entre sí, posibilitó alcanzar altas velocidades y proporcionó un gran estímulo al progreso del ferrocarril. Le cupo la responsabilidad de construir más de 1.600 km (1.000 mi) de vía férrea en Gran Bretaña y supervisó también la construcción de líneas férreas en Italia, Australia e India. Su uso de un cajón neumático (de aire comprimido) para sumergir los cimientos de los pilares de un puente contribuyó a la aceptación de las técnicas de aire comprimido en la construcción subacuática y subterránea. Brunel hizo un extraordinario aporte a la ingeniería naval con tres vapores –el Great Western, el Great Britain y el Great Eastern– cada uno de ellos el más grande del mundo a la fecha de su botadura. El Great Western estableció el primer servicio transatlántico regular y el Great Eastern tendió el primer cable transatlántico exitoso.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Brunel, Isambard Kingdom — born April 9, 1806, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng. died Sept. 15, 1859, London British civil and mechanical engineer. He was the son of Marc Brunel. His introduction of the broad gauge railway, with rails 7 ft (2 m) apart, made possible high speeds… …   Universalium

  • Brunel , Isambard Kingdom — (1806–1859) British engineer Brunel s father, Marc Brunel (1769–1849), a French emigré and distinguished engineer, arrived in England in 1799. He sent his son to Paris in 1820 to learn mathematics and engineering. Brunel returned to England in… …   Scientists

  • Brunel, Isambard Kingdom —  (1806–1859) British engineer; son of Sir Marc Isambard Brunel (1769–1849), also an engineer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • BRUNEL, ISAMBARD KINGDOM —    son of the preceding, assisted his father in his engineering operations, in particular the Thames tunnel; was engineer of the Great Western Railway; designed the Great Western steamship, the first to cross the Atlantic; was the first to apply… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Isambard Kingdom Brunel — en 1857 Naissance 9 avril  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isambard Kingdom Brunel — Brunel antes de la botadura del SS Great Eastern (1857). Naci …   Wikipedia Español

  • Isambard Kingdom Brunel — Brunel mit Zylinder und Zigarre vor der riesigen aufgewickelten Ankerkette des Dampfschiffes Great Eastern, Fotografie von Robert Howlett Isambard Kingdom Brunel (* 9. April 1806 in Portsmouth; † 15. September 1859 in London) war ein britischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isambard Kingdom Brunel — [Isambard Kingdom Brunel] (1806–69) an English engineer, famous for his ambitious designs for ships, bridges and railways. He designed the ↑Clifton Suspension Bridge and the largest ships that had ever been built at the time, including the Great… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Isambard Kingdom Brunel — Infobox Engineer image size = caption = Brunel before the launching of the Great Eastern name = Isambard Kingdom Brunel nationality = birth date =birth date|1806|4|9|df=y birth place = Portsmouth, United Kingdom death date =Death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Isambard Kingdom Brunel — ➡ Brunel * * * …   Universalium